The Quran will never become an outdated Book, its marvels are inexhaustible.
If one spends his entire life, even if it would be as long as what was granted to the prophet Noah
(peace and blessings be upon him), on reflecting on the meaning of the Quran, one will discover a
new meaning every day.
1-The Quran is not just a Book for reading, rather,
one should carry out the personal study of the Quran, with the realization that it is the book of
eternal guidance, sent down by Allah.
2-One should take it as a Book addressed to oneself in particular,
he holds out a mirror to his own shortcomings and a diagnostic of his own weaknesses.
3- Everyone can easily relate to the Quran.
Nonetheless, this is possible only when one approaches it as a living Book meant for one’s own
4- One should look for self-development in it before prescribing it to others.
This is the way of the messengers. First, they attained self-development and then admonished
others. Some study the Quran so as to employ its arguments in humbling and discrediting others.
5- The prophet’s companions, however,
studied it as to mend their own ways. As soon as they grasped the verses of the Quran, they
immediately acted upon it.
They took months for example for completing their study of Surah Al-Baqarah.
Man is the vicegerent of Allah on earth
“When your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.”
They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we
exalt You with praise and declare Your perfection?” He [Allah] said, “Indeed, I know that which you
do not know.” And He taught Adam the names – all of them. Then He showed them to the angels
and said, “Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful.” They said, “Exalted are You; we
have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”
He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.” And when he had informed them of their names,
He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth? And I
know what you reveal and what you have concealed.” Surah Al-Baqarah: 30-33
This passage of the Quran recounts the dialogue between Allah and the angels when Allah had decided to appoint Adam to be His vicegerent and progenitor on earth.
1- Allah made man be entrusted with authority over natural resources, utilizing these in a
the constructive way so as to enjoy his life in a meaningful way.
2- Man has also the duty of maintaining his close link with his creator, Allah, and forging cordial
relations with his fellow human beings on earth, and drawing upon divine bounties in accordance
with divine commands and teachings.
The angels submitted: “We glorify You with praise and thanks and sanctify You.” They asked
whether they were not fit for this assignment, particularly in view of their constant celebration of
Allah’s praise. Allah directed them however to observe the unfolding of events. Allah persuaded
them of the rationale behind His selection of man as His vicegerent.
Accordingly, both Adam and the angels were put to the test.
Adam’s nature was made receptive for learning and recognizing names, realizing they’re innate
potential and power, and employs these bounties for his own benefit.
In short, he was enabled to maintain an easy, functional, feasible link with material things and to
utilize these to his advantage.
The angels were aware of their obligations only. They said: “Glorified are You, we have no
knowledge except what you have taught us. It is You, the All-Knowing, the All-wise.” Thus Allah
demonstrated that His choice of man as His vicegerent was perfectly chosen.
One thus learns that man has been granted certain knowledge and responsibility which is essential
for his survival on this earth.
One enjoys the power and authority to employ upon natural resources.
He has not absolute, unlimited power, rather, he derives authority as delegated to him by Allah
Almighty. The Quran alludes to this truth in Quran thus: “Spend of that of which He has made you
trustees.” Surah Al-Hadid: 7
Vicegerent’s definition in Quran
It entails justice, equity, and love for fellow human beings, more importantly, it is linked
inextricably with the concept of accountability.
That man as a vicegerent does not have total, unrestricted authority or absolute power. A vicegerent,
by definition, is that he is always submissive and obedient to his master, conscientious in
performing the duties assigned to him, and grateful to his lord and benefactor who is Allah.
The main thesis of the Quran
Man is Allah’s vicegerent. He does not enjoy any absolute position. Rather, he has been sent down in
order to accomplish Allah’s mission and adhere to his worship. If a man recognizes this truth, he
should first fulfill the divine will, sent to him by the messengers and by the scriptures granted to
He should strive to imbibe divine attributes.
A man should realize that Allah is the lord of the worlds, Cherisher of all creatures, Most
Compassionate, Most Merciful, Just, Most Forbearing, and Most Affectionate.
Allah says in Surah Adh-Dhāriyāt verse: 56 “And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to
The Noble Qur’an is the light of the eyes
Reflect on the prophet Muhammad’s Du’aa: “I ask You by every name belonging to You which You
named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have
preserved in the knowledge of the unseen with You, that You make the Qur’an the life of my heart
and the light of my bosom, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety. Note: Allah
will take away the anxiety and sorrow out of the heart of him who recites this supplication, as
mentioned in this hadith by our prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).”
It is certain that you will feel in the Prophet’s supplication that:
The Noble Qur’an is the light of the eyes, the spring of souls, the detector of anxiety and distress,
healing for what is in the hearts, a mercy for the believers, a guide for the believers, and a warning
for mankind, and God has the right to send it against the unbelievers.
Reading, listening, and contemplating the Qur’an is worship, Hearing the Holy Qur’an is silent
worship that many, unfortunately, forget. God Almighty says:
“So when the Qur’ān is recited, then listen to it and pay attention that you may receive mercy.” – Al-
Hearing the Qur’an is magic for the hearts and it has authority over them, and irresistible pleasure.
“And those who disbelieved said, ‘Do not listen to this Qur’an, and those who have perverted in it
are deluded” (Al-Fasal 12).
Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said to me, “Recite the Qur’an to me.” I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Shall I recite it
to you when it was revealed to you?” He (ﷺ) said, “I like to hear it from others.” Then I began to
recite Surat An-Nisa’. When I reached the Ayah: ‘How will it be when We shall bring a witness from
every people and bring you as a witness against them?’ (Having heard it) he said, “Enough!
Enough!” When I looked at him, I found his eyes were overflowing with tears.
– The companions said that it is possible that the Messenger loved to hear it from others in order to
reflect on it and understand it, because the listener is stronger in contemplation, and is more active
then the reader because the reader is busy with recitation and Tajweed (rulings).
Characteristics of the believers
Among the characteristics of the believers is listening to the Qur’an with contemplation and
obedience; His contemplation may be part of the connection of the faith relationship between him
and his Lord.
Allah Almighty says: “The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and
[so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allāh and His angels and His books and His
messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We
hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.”
Surah Al-Baqarah: 285
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