When we intend to begin reciting the Quran, we first seek protection saying: “A’udhu billahi mina al-
shaytan al-rejim”| “I seek protection by Allah from the accursed Devil”. as the majority of the
scholars said some of the righteous forebears said that one should seek protection after recitation,
as Allah Most High says: “So when you recite the Quran, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the
expelled [from His mercy].”
Surah An-Nahl: 98
The interpretation of this verse according to the majority of scholars is that if you have determined
to recite, seek refuge. It’s recommended for the reciter of the Quran, whether in prayer or not. It’s
recommended in Prayer in each Rak’a, according to the opinion of our Shafi’i companions.
According to the second opinion, it is only recommended in the first Rak’a.
Saying “The Basmala” to start reciting the Quran
One should take care to recite “Bismillahi al-Rahman al-Rahim”| In the name of Allah, the Most
Merciful and compassionate” at the beginning of each chapter of the Quran except for Surah al-
Most scholars consider the Basmala as a verse of the Quran since it was written in the text of
One’s state should be that of humility and reflection at the beginning and during reciting the Qur’an.
This state is the sought-after objective, through which hearts are illuminated and breasts are
Allah Mighty and Majestic said in Surah An-Nisa Ayah: 82
“Then do they not reflect upon the Quran? If it had been from [any] other than Allah, they would
have found within it much contradiction.”
Another Ayah in Surah Sad: 29
“[This is] a blessed Book which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], that they might reflect
upon its verses and that those of understanding would be reminded.”
Ibrahim al-Khawwas (Allah be pleased with him), said: “There are five medicines for the heart:
1- Reciting the Quran with pondering.
2- Emptying the stomach.
3- standing at night in prayer.
4- supplicating during the last part of the night.
5- sitting with the righteous.
• We related that Abu Dharr (Allah Most High be pleased with him) said that the prophet (ﷺ) stood
repeating a verse until dawn, the verse was “If You should punish them – indeed they are Your
servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”
• Ibn Mas’ud رضي الله عنه repeated, my lord, increase me in knowledge. Surah Taha verse: 114
“So high [above all] is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth. And, [O Muhammad], do not hasten with
[recitation of] the Quran before its revelation is completed to you, and say, “My Lord, increase me in
• Sa’id ibn Jubayr رضي الله عنه: “And fear a Day when you will be returned to Allah. Then every soul
will be compensated for what it earned, and they will not be wronged [i.e., treated unjustly].”
“Those who deny the Book [i.e., the Qur’an] and that with which We sent Our messengers – they are
going to know When the shackles are around their necks and the chains; they will be dragged in
boiling water; then in the Fire, they will be filled [with flame].”
“O mankind, what has deceived you concerning your Lord, the Generous”
• Sa’d bin Abu Waqqas that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
‘Weep, and if you cannot weep then pretend to weep.”
• Umar ibn al-Khattab رضي الله عنه prayed the morning prayer in congregation and read Surah Yusuf.
He wept until his tears flowed over his collarbone!
Of another report, it was in the Night prayer affirming that this happened repeatedly, he wept until
the people in the rows behind him heard his weeping!
The Excellence of Reciting the Qur’an
• ‘Aishah رضي الله عنها reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur’an will be
with the honorable and obedient scribes (angels) and he who recites the Qur’an and finds it difficult
to recite, doing his best to recite it in the best way possible, will have two rewards.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
• Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari رضي الله عنه reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The believer who recites the Qur’an is like a citron whose
fragrance is sweet and whose taste is delicious. A believer who does not recite the Qur’an is like a
date-fruit that has no fragrance but has a sweet taste. The hypocrite who recites the Qur’an is like
basil whose fragrance is so sweet, but its taste is bitter. The hypocrite who does not recite the
Qur’an is like a colocynth which has no fragrance and its taste is bitter.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
• Ibn ‘Umar رضي الله عنه reported:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Envy is justified in regard to two types of persons only: a man whom Allah
has given knowledge of the Quran, and so he recites it during the night and during the day, and a
the man whom Allah has given wealth and so he spends from it during the night and during the
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The state of tranquility when Reciting the Quran
He (ﷺ) said, “That was tranquility which descended as a result of the recitation of the Quran.”
Allah Most High says in Surah Al-Isra’: “(82) And We send down of the Quran that which is healing
and mercy for the believers, but it does not increase the wrongdoers except in loss.”
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