Surah Al-Ikhlas is the 112th chapter of the Noble Quran mentioned in 30th Para. contains 4 verses,
was revealed in
Makkah is also known as surah Tawhid.
It is one of the shortest surahs of the Quran that sums up the essence of Islam. Before memorizing
Muslims memorize this surah first.
Asbab al nuzul of Surah Al-Ikhlas
The word Ikhlas means ‘The Purity or The Sincerity’. Surah Al-Ikhlas is the proclamation of
Oneness of Allah Almighty (SWT) and the foundation of Muslims’ belief in One God.
It is narrated by Ubayy ibn Ka’b (ﷺ) that surah Al-Ikhlas was revealed during the early period of
Islam when the pagans of Makkah challenged the Prophet Muhammad ( ﷺ) saying: “O Muhammad,
give us the ancestry of your Lord.” Then Allah (SWT) revealed this surah.
Ibn Kathir, in his Tafsir of the Quran, said that surah Al-Ikhlas was revealed when Jews openly said
that they worshipped Uzair, who is the son of Allah Almighty, the Christians said that they worship
the Messiah who is also the son of Allah and the idolaters said that they worship idols. Then Allah
(SWT) revealed to His Messenger ( ﷺ) the verses of this surah saying: “He is Allah, the One. Allah,
the Eternal Refuge. The self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need. He neither begets nor was
He was begotten (born). And there is none equal or comparable to Him.”
The surah clearly indicates that Allah (SWT) is One and Unique. Neither He eats nor He drinks. He
has no partner, no assistant, no enemy, and nothing comparable. He is the Singular Who does not
depend on anyone.
Surah Al-Ikhlas is one of those shortest surahs that Muslims memorize in their childhood to recite
in their prayers. It is the source of earning rewards and Paradise as well as Allah’s love. It is the
most profound surah that outlines the faith and belief of Muslims.
There are uncountable benefits and virtues of reciting and memorizing the beautiful surah Tawhid.
Surah Ikhlas Benefits and Virtues
Surah Al-Ikhlas is one of the most recited surahs of the Holy Quran. Recitation of this surah is equal
to the recitation of one-third of the Quran. It upgrades the wisdom of one who recites it regularly. It
is the road leading to success. Its benefits also include spiritual and inner peace and satisfaction of
heart, mind, and soul. Its daily recitation brings happiness in life.
Abu Hurairah (ﷺ) narrated that the Prophet Muhammad ( ﷺ) said: “Gather and I will recite one-
third of the Quran to you.” His companions gathered. He ( ﷺ) came out, recited Surah Al-Ikhlas to
them and went back. Someone said: “I think a revelation just came to him from the Heavens so he
went back.” Then the Messenger of Allah ( ﷺ) came and said: “Indeed I said that I will recite one-
third of the Quran to you and it (surah Al-Ikhlas) is indeed equal to one-third of the Quran.”
The Messenger of Allah ( ﷺ) said: “One who recites surah Al-Ikhlas ten times, Allah
will build a house in Paradise for him.”
Reciting this surah with surah Al-Fatiha before sleeping protects against all the harms and
The Prophet Muhammad ( ﷺ) said: “When you recite Surah Al-Fatiha and Surah Al-
Ikhlas while lying on the bed, you will be guarded and should become fearless of
everything except death.”
He ( ﷺ) also said: “One who recites surah Al-Ikhlas two hundred times daily, he will
get forgiveness of fifty years of sins, unless he is in debt.”
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (ﷺ) narrates that a person heard another man reciting Surah Al-Ikhlas many
times. The next day he came to the Prophet Muhammad ( ﷺ) and asked about it. Allah’s Messenger
( ﷺ) replied: “For Him in Whose Hand is my life, this surah is equal to one-third of the Quran.”
Once a companion of the Prophet Muhammad ( ﷺ) said that he really loves the surah Al-Ikhlas. The
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: “And your love for it will allow you to enter Paradise.”
The Holy Prophet ( ﷺ) once said: “Whoever recites Surah Al-Ikhlas while entering in his house,
poverty will be removed from his house and neighbors.”
Surah Al-Ikhlas brings success and happiness. It holds great importance when recited along with
the other three surahs, surah Al-Kafirun, surah Al-Falaq, and surah Al-Nas. These four surahs
together called four Qul. Four Qul defend against harms, calamities, and destroy magic spells.
Dua is the spirit of Allah’s worship and the five prayers. Surah Al-Ikhlas is a means for acceptance of
dua. It gives protection against all kinds of viral infections and diseases and eyesores. It also
safeguards against bad omens, witchcraft, magic spells, and psychic attacks. Its reciters become the
favorite slaves of Allah ( ﷺ). Its regular recitation will increase the presence of angels at the time of
death to pray for his forgiveness. One who recites surah Al-Ikhlas in the obligatory prayers, Allah (
ﷺ) bestows His blessings on him, on his parents and children, not only in this world but also in the
Surah Al-Ikhlas is easy to memorize so it is necessary for every Muslim to recite it daily to win
Allah’s love and affection. It is important for us to realize its benefits and rewards to earn its
blessings in excess.
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