The first things that are obligatory for the reciter of the Quran are sincerity, and observing proper
etiquette with the Quran. The reciter of the Quran should bring to mind that he is addressing Allah
Most High and therefore should read as if one sees Allah Most High, and even if he cannot see
Allah, verily Allah Most High sees him.’
Ritual purity is obligatory for the reciter of the Quran
If one wants to recite the Quran, he should clean his mouth with a Miswak “Tooth-stick” or the like.
Miswak is a Sunnah from the prophet (ﷺ), it is a twig from the Arak tree.
When reciting the Quran, it is recommended to be in a state of ritual purity if you are in a minor
impurity. If one doesn’t find water, he should make Tayammum
It is unlawful for a person in a state of major impurity or during menstruation to recite the Quran;
the only thing that is permissible for them to silently peruse the Mus-haf without touching it. There
is no harm if a woman during her menstruation looks at the Qur`anic verses on the computer
screen without uttering the words.
The reciter of the Quran chooses a clean place for recitation
A group of scholars recommended reciting the Quran in the mosque since it combines cleanliness
Anyone who sits in a mosque should intend spiritual retreat.
And it is recommended for the reciter to face the Qibla, even when not in prayer. It is related in
Hadith: “the best way to sit is facing Qibla.” One sits with humility, tranquility, and dignity.
Allah عزوجل says in Surah Al-Imran: 190
“In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs
for those of understanding Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides
and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], “Our Lord, You did not
create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of
The merit of reading the Quran for the reciter of the Quran
Allah عزوجل says: “Indeed, those who recite the Book of Allah and establish prayer and spend [in His
cause] out of what We have provided them, secretly and publicly, [can] expect a transaction [i.e.,
profit] that will never perish –That He may give them in full their rewards and increase for them of
His bounty. Indeed, He is Forgiving and Appreciative.”
Surah Fatir: 29-30
We relate “Uthman ibn Affan” (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that The Messenger of
Allah (ﷺ) said, “The best amongst you is the one who learns the Quran and teaches it.”
Al-Bukhari related it in his Sahih, which is the most authentic book after the Quran.
A’isha (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) Said, “The one who recites the Quran and is skillful therein will be with
the obedient, noble, recording angels; and the one who reads the Quran stammering, it being
difficult for him, has two rewards.”
Abu Musa reported: The Prophet (ﷺ) Said, “The example of a believer who recites the Qur’an and
acts on it, like a citron which tastes nice and smells nice. And the example of a believer who does not
recite the Qur’an but acts on it is like a date which tastes good but has no smell. And the example of
a hypocrite who recites the Quran is like a Raihana (sweet basil) which smells good but tastes bitter
and the example of a hypocrite who does not recite the Quran is like a colocynth which tastes bitter
and has a bad smell.”
‘Umar b. al Khattab reported: Allah’s Messenger as saying, “By this Book God exalts some peoples
and lowers others.”Muslim transmitted it.
The precedence of the reciter of the Quran over others
It is established that Abu Mas’ud al-Ansari al-Badri (Allah be pleased with him) stated that the
Prophet (ﷺ) Said, “The person who is best versed in the recitation of the Book of Allah, should lead
the prayer; but if all those present equally verse in it, then the one who has the most knowledge
of the Sunnah; if they are equal in that respect too, then the one who has emigrated (to Al-Madinah)
first, if they are equal in this respect also, then the oldest of them. No man should lead another in
prayer where the latter has authority, or sit in his house, without his permission”.
Honoring the people of the Quran and prohibiting of annoying them
Allah Most High says: “whoever honors the symbols [i.e., rites] of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety
“And lower your wing [i.e., show kindness] to those who follow you of the believers.” Surah Ash-
Allah Most High says: “And those who harm believing men and believing women for [something]
other than what they have earned [i.e., deserved] have certainly borne upon themselves a slander
and manifest sin.”
Surah Al-Ahzab: 58
Jabir ibn Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with them both) said that the prophet (ﷺ) Would gather
two casualties from Uhud and then say, “Which of the two deceased has amassed the most Quran?”
if one of them was indicated, he would put him first in the Lahd [the portion of the gravesite closest
(Bukhari related it.)
Abu Hurayra (May Allah be pleased with him) stated that the prophet (ﷺ) Said, “Indeed, Allah
Mighty and Glorious says, “Whoever shows enmity to a friend of mine, I have declared war upon
(Bukhari related it.)
It is established in Sahihayn that the prophet (ﷺ) Said, “Whoever prays the morning prayer is under
the guardianship of Allah Most High, and Allah Most High does not demand of you something that
is under His guardianship.”
The Etiquette of the reciter of the Quran
The teacher and the reciter of the Quran should engage for the purpose of gaining the pleasure of
Allah Most High. Allah Most High says: “And they were not commanded except to worship Allah,
[being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give zakat. And
that is the correct religion.”
Surah Al-Bayyinah: 5
“One of the foundations of Islam”, Hadith narrated on the authority of Umar b. al-Khattab, the
Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) Said:(The value of) an action depends on the intention behind it. A man will
be rewarded only for what he intended.”
• The teacher of the Quran must not make his intentions to teach the Quran for the purpose of
attaining some worldly objectives, such as wealth, leadership, influence, rising above his peers, or
gaining people’s praise. Allah Most High says, “Whoever desires the harvest of the Hereafter – We
increase for him in his harvest [i.e., reward]. And whoever desires the harvest [i.e., benefits] of this
world – We give him thereof, but there is not for him in the Hereafter any share.”
• The teacher of the Quran molded by good qualities and pleasing habits that Allah Most High
guided to include: generosity, openhandedness, cheerful face, self-control, and being above vile
• The teacher of the Quran should be constantly conscious of Allah Most High, when Alone and
when in public.
• The teacher of the Quran’s reliance on all affairs should be upon Allah Most High.
• The teacher of the Quran should be kind to whoever recites to him, and well-mannered with him.
It is from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “Religion is sincerity, religion
is sincerity, religion is sincerity.” They said; “To whom, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “To Allah,
to His Book, to His Messenger, to the imams of the Muslims and to their common folk.”
• The teacher of the Quran is sincere towards Allah and His Book, honoring its reciters and its
students. He teaches his students gently, harmonizing the students’ hearts and encouraging them to
• The teacher of the Quran should mention the superiority of learning the Quran to his students.
Increases their desires, changes them from being incline towards the world and from being
deluded by it. He should mention the righteous worshipers of Allah and the ranks of the prophets
(May Allah bless them and grant them peace)
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