The Holy Quran What is the definition?
The Holy Quran is a document that is squarely aimed at the man; indeed, it calls itself “guidance for mankind” “hudan lil-nas” al-Baqarah: 185 and numerous equivalents elsewhere.
Yet, the term Allah, the proper name for God, occurs well over 2,500 times in the Qur’an (not to
count the terms al-Rabb, The Lord, and al-Rahman, The Merciful, which, although they signify
qualities, have nevertheless come to acquire substance). Still, Allah’s existence in the Quran is
strictly functional—He is Creator and Sustainer of the universe and of man, and particularly the
giver of guidance for man and He who judges man, individually and collectively, and metes out to
him merciful justice.
What is The Holy Quran?
The Quran is the literal, spoken Word of Allah revealed to the last Prophet Muhammad, may the
mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, through Gabriel, the Angel of Revelation, transmitted to
us by numerous channels, in both verbally and in written form. It’s unique, it’s divinely protected
from all corruption. God says “Indeed, it is We who sent down the message and indeed, We will be
its guardian.” (Quran 15:9)
The literally Arabic word, ‘Quran,’ means both ‘recitation’ and ‘reading’. Similarly, the Quran was
both recited orally and written down in book form.
The true power of the Quran remains in the oral recitation, as it is meant to be read aloud and
melodiously, but still, the verses were written down on materials as an aid to memorizing and
guarding it, and these were collected and arranged in book form both privately and, at a later stage,
Another important point to keep in mind is that the Quran was not revealed in one sitting, but
rather it was revealed in parts over a span of 23 years.
Many passages were sent down as responses to specific events. Often, the Quranic revelation would
come from the angel Gabriel to Prophet Muhammad to answer questions raised by unbelievers.
The Quran addresses these unbelievers,
the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), humanity
at large, believers, and, finally, the Prophet himself – commanding him what to do in a certain
situation or solacing him in the face of ridicule and rejection. We can know the historical and social
context of revelation as the meanings clarified in the text itself.
How is The Quran Organized?
The Quran is composed of 114 parts or chapters of unequal length. Each chapter is called a “surah”
in Arabic and each sentence or phrase of the Quran is called an ayah, literally a sign. These verses
are not standard in length and where each begins and ends was not decided by human beings, but dictated by God.
Each one is a discrete act of locution of closed signification, or ‘sign’, denoted by the word ayah in
Arabic. All surahs, except one, begin with basmalah, ‘I begin with the Name of Allah, the Most-
Merciful, the Compassionate.’ Each surah has a name that usually relates to a central theme within
the longest surah, Surah al-Baqarah, or “The Cow”, is named after the story of Moses
commanding the Jews to sacrifice a cow, which begins by God saying: “And remember Moses said to
his people: ‘Allah commands that you sacrifice a cow.’” (Quran 2:67)
This division of the Quran was done for people to memorize or read it in a more organized style, and
it has no influence on the original structure, as they are mere marks on the sides of the pages
denoting the part.
In the month of fasting, Ramadan, one juza’ is usually recited every night, and the entire Quran is
completed by the end of the month.
Some Qualities of the Holy Quran
Allah says: “There shall come to you guidance from Me, and whosoever follows My guidance no fear
shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow.” The Quran is Allah’s greatest blessing for you. It is the
fulfillment of His promise to Adam and his descendants. It is the only means to overpower your fear
and anxiety. It is the only light, brings you from the darkness, with it, you find your way to success
It is the only healing (shifaa’) for your inner sicknesses, as well as the social ills that may surround
you. The Prophet Muhammad said, “The Quran is an intercessor and its intercession is accepted and
its plea is believed. Whoever makes it lead him – it leads him to Paradise and whoever places it
behind him the result will be, he is dragged to the Fire.” The Prophet Muhammad said, “You must
engage in Remembrance of Allah and the recitation of His Book, for it is light for you on earth and(a means by which) you will be mentioned in the Heavens.”
The Quran is a reminder
The Quran is a constant reminder of your nature and destiny, of your station, your duties, your rewards, your perils. It is the only way to come nearer and closer to your Creator.
It tells you who is Allah, His attributes, how He rules over the cosmos and history, how He relates to
you, and how you should relate to Him, to yourself, to your fellow men, and to other existence.
The rewards that await you here are surely many, increasing manifold in the Hereafter, but what
awaits you at the end of the road, promises Allah in the Hadith Qudsi, (Hadith Qudsi are the sayings
of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) as revealed to him by the
Almighty Allah) : “What no eye has seen, no ear has heard, and no heart has ever conceived”, and Abu Hurairah adds, “Read if you wish:
‘No human being can imagine what joys are being kept hidden for them in reward for all that they did.’ (Quran 32:17)
Roles of the student of the book of allah
The student of the Quran must “listen” to what the Qur’an has to say:
“Who is humble before the unseen and brings with him a heart such that it can respond [when the
truth hits it]” (50.Qaf:33)
“It is a reminder to him/her who has a heart and surrenders his/her ears in witnessing” (50.Qaf:37)
“These people are [as though] they are being called from a long-distance” (41.Fussilat:44).
Yet God is not so far that His signals cannot be heard:
“We created man and We know what the negative whisperings of his mind are and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein!” (50.Qaf:16).
Of the things that help to memorize the Quran, Reading to an elaborated Quran Teacher, because
correcting mistakes takes precedence over memorizing the Qur’an, and it is incumbent on the
learner of Quran to realize that he is exposed to mistaken, and his duty when mistakes occur, to
learn the correct way of reading and master what his sheikh or Quran teacher teaches him.
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