Tajweed history Allah Almighty revealed the Holy Quran upon His last messenger Holy Prophet Hazrat
Muhammad(ﷺ)gradually during a period of twenty-three years more or less there is an era, no recording or printing
device sare not available as that now, Therefore, the sole possible thanks to preserving this endowment of Allah was to
find out by memory At the start of the revelation of the Holy Quran, Holy Prophet (ﷺ) recite it and narrated the
verses of a specific chapter(Surah) of the Quran to His companions. Hence, during this way, the recitation of the
Quran Tajweed commenced Next, the foremost task was to recite the Holy Quran in Its proper pronunciation. Then
the concept of the Tajweed Quran was being introduced.
Tajweed is an Arabic word that linguistically means ‘proficiency. It comes from an equivalent root letter because of
the word Jayyid, which suggests ‘good’. Therefore, if Tajweed is to be considered with regards to Quran recitation, it
means correctly learning the Quran by keeping in mind the requisites of Arabic pronunciation. When
every letter of the Quran is pronounced with proper understanding and therefore the way it deserves to be recited,
then we will say that the Quran is being recited with Tajweed.
In other words, when the angel Jibril (Gabriel), may Allah exalt his mention, recited the words of Allah to the
Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) recited them during a certain way and he showed the Prophet (ﷺ) the ways during which it
had been permissible to recite the Quran. So, it’s obligatory upon us to watch those rules so that we recite them
within the way they had been revealed.
At the time of the Prophet (ﷺ), there was no need for people to review Tajweed because they talked with what’s now
referred to as Tajweed.
Tajweed Al Quran means reading every word of the Quran with its proper grammar and pronunciation. The Quran
is that the most precious Holy book for Muslims. there’s a gift for reading every word. In fact, for a far better
understanding and accurate readability, it’s obligatory to read with Holy Quran with Tajweed.
Significance of Tajweed
Besides the fact that the Quran should recite with Tajweed is that the Sunnah of Holy Prophet Muhammad
(ﷺ) there are other purposes or importance behind the observance of Tajweed while reciting the Quran. The
observance of Tajweed is that the incontrovertible fact that the Quran is revealed by Allah Almighty. Hence, being
His subjects, it’s important that we should always read and recite the Quran in the same way as He has
revealed it. The recitation of the Quran serves the very fact that words don’t change their meanings. Quran is within
Arabic may be a very sensitive language and any variation within the sort of shortening or elongation of
sounds leads to a change in meanings. Therefore, observing the principles of Tajweed in reciting prevents the
recitation of the Quran from making mistakes while reciting the Holy Quran.
The Holy Quran is that the book of ultimate guidance. In fact, it’s not a book for reading and reciting only. It’s a
book of learning and understanding. Islam may be a practical religion and Holy Quran guides us about every aspect
of life. Above all, there’s a gift for every single word of the Quran.
Arabic may be a beautiful language,
and particularly the literary genre of the Quran is matchless. In fact, the reading of the Holy Quran is extremely
sweet and provides pleasure and satisfaction. most significantly it provides an accurate sense once we read the holy
Quran with proper Tajweed.
The Quran is that the word of Allah, and every syllable is from Allah. Its recitation must be taken very seriously.
the Science of Tajweed in essence aims to form the reciter proficient in reciting the Quran, observing the
right pronunciation of each letter with the rulings and characteristics which apply to every letter, with no
exaggeration or deficiency. And so, through this, the reciter can recite the Quran upon the way of the Prophet (ﷺ)
who received it from Jibril who received it from Allah Almighty within the Classical Arabic dialect that it decreased
in. Arabic letters each have a Makhraj an exit or articulation point within the mouth or throat from which they
originate and that they also each have Sifaat attributes, or characteristics particular to them.
Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of every letter is a crucial part of Tajweed. Sometimes two letters have very
similar exits which makes mixing them up easy. So, if an individual doesn’t know the attributes of every letter there’s
a danger that he will change the meaning of the words within the Quran recitation. Observing the principles of
Tajweed in reciting protects the reciter from making mistakes in reciting the Quran.
The Messenger of Allah! said:
“Whosoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah will receive a Hasanah (good deed)
from it (i.e. his recitation), and therefore the Hasanah (good deed) is multiplied by ten. I don’t say that Aliflaam
Meem is (considered as) a letter (in reward), rather Alif may be a letter, laam may be a letter, and Meem maybe a
letter.” (Reported by AtTirmidhi, AdDarami).
And he! also said: “He who is skillful in reciting the Quran is with the unveiled, honorable, and pious (i.e. Hural
Ain). And he who stutters when reading the Quran, (and its recitation) is difficult upon him,) And he! said: “Verily
he who has nothing of the Quran in his heart is sort of a house (which has been) destroyed.” (Reported by At
Tirmidhi) have two rewards.” (Reported by Bukhari).
The Holy Quran is that the greatest blessing of Allah Almighty not only for Muslims but all citizenry. It carries great
knowledge whether regarding the universe or about human life generally. Besides the enriched knowledge, the
recitation of the Quran carries religious and spiritual benefits for Muslims. The Holy Quran is that the literal words
of Allah Almighty that He revealed as an infallible source of legislation for mankind. Being so important, the Holy
Quran must be recited correctly, to not create any kind of ambiguity or misunderstanding. Allah Almighty
addressed Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) within the Quran, “…And recite the Quran with measured recitation.”
The ruling of reading with Tajweed
Muhammad bin Al Jazaree the good Quran and Hadeeth scholar of the 9th Century (Hijri) said in his famous poem
detailing the principles of Tajweed: “And applying Tajweed is a problem of absolute necessity, whoever doesn’t
apply Tajweed to the Quran, then a sinner is he.” Sheikh Zakariya Al Ansari [died in 926 H.] said in explanation of
this verse in his book: Sharh al Muqaddimah al-Jazariyyaa “It is required to watch all of the Arabic rules therein
which changes it and ruins the meaning”. So, he regarded it as a compulsion to refrain from the main slip-ups in
reciting the Holy Quran. the students have divided the kinds of mistakes one might fall under when reciting the
Quran into two types:
• Major mistakes: which usually change obvious things and alter the meaning.
• Minor (hidden) mistakes: that one may have to review Tajweed rules.
Allah says within the Quran, the meaning of which is:
‘And recite the Quran (aloud) during a (slow and melodious) style (tarantella)’ (Surah Muzammil, ayah 4).
‘Those who we’ve given the Book to provides it its right in recitation (recite it because it should be recited)’ (Surah
alBaqarah, ayah 121).
Holy Prophet (ﷺ) wish to recite the Quran in slow, measured, rhythmic tones as Allah had instructed him, not
hurriedly, but rather “he would recite a surah in such slow rhythmic tones that it might be longer than it might seem
possible.” He would stop at the top of every ayah.
He commanded people to recite a beautiful voice during a pleasant melodious tone. He said “Beautify the
Quran together with your voices [for a fine voice increases the Quran in beauty]” and he said, “He who doesn’t recite
the Quran during a pleasant tone isn’t folks.” Unfortunately, only too often we discover people reciting the Quran
quickly and without changing their tone and with no feeling.
The recitation of the Holy Quran must not be barren of from emotions and sentiments, one Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“Truly the one who has one among the best voices among the people for reciting the Quran is that the one whom
you think that fears Allah once you hear him recite.”
Once when Holy Prophet (ﷺ) complimented Abu Moosaa alAshari on the sweetness of his
recitation, Abu Moosaa
said: “Had I known you were there, I might have made my voice more pleasant and emotional for you.”
Holy Quran may be a book of Allah reveal upon the last Messenger Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ). Holy
Quran discusses the unity of God, the looks of Adam and Eve and their arrival on earth, tidings, and warnings from
Allah Almighty to believers and nonbelievers of their act, commands, and prohibitions then far more. These all
narrated to readers through six thousand 600 sixty-six verses in a whole Holy Quran. Therefore, when a private
recites Holy Quran without depicting true feelings, it imparts a message that a reader is oblivious to the Arabic.
additionally, lack the elemental skills to grasp the meaning and message of the Holy Quran’s verses. Thus, being
Muslim’s our duty to remember the principles of Tajweed and recites the Holy Quran with correct
pronunciation by keeping in mind truth meaning of each verse. In last, the Holy Quran revealed within the
Arabic and people who aren’t belonging to Arabian Peninsula must learn Arabic. So, that the obstacle to find
out and understand Quran is going resolved gradually.