Quran Tajweed: Definition, Importance, and Learning
Allah سبحانه وتعالى has given us one of the best books, and He has given us the best religion “Islam”.
The importance of learning how to read the Quran is very important and essential.
Allama Jazari says in his book: that reading the Quran with Tajweed is very important. And that
a person who doesn’t read the Quran with Tajweed and doesn’t stay away from the major mistakes
is counted sinful.
May Allah سبحانه وتعالى save us all from that.
We should always try to go to a Quran teacher who knows the sciences of the Quran properly. To
learn every letter and pronounce every letter from where it originates.
For example: Not making the letter Sakin where it is supposed to be Mutaharik. Also, not deleting or
These are all major mistakes.
Now there are Quran teachers available in our localities or online. We should go to these people and
learn the sciences of the Quran.
Be sure to speak to one of the Quran consultants to guide your best learning.
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What is Quran Tajweed?
Tajweed of the Holy Quran is the knowledge and application of the rules of recitation so the reading
of the Quran is as the Prophet Mohammed صلى الله عليه وسلم, recited.
The word “Tajweed” means to improve, make better, betterment. It is one of the most honored of
sciences due to its relation to Allah’s words.
The definition of Tajweed is articulating every letter from its articulation point and giving the letter
its rights and dues of characteristics.
Tajweed preserves the tongue from mistakes in pronunciation of the Glorious Quran during reading.
– One who wishes to learn Quran Tajweed needs to understand and well practice its several principles.
– The knowledge of Tajweed is contingent on four things:
1- Knowledge of the articulation points of the letters.
2- Knowledge of the characteristics of the letters.
3- Knowledge of what rules change in the letters due to the order of letters in the Arabic sentence.
4- Exercising the tongue and a lot of repetition.
Why is Quran Tajweed important?
Learning Tajweed rules helps us to pronounce Arabic alphabets exactly the way that they should be
pronounced so that our words have the intended meaning. For example, we pronounce the letters
“ص” and “س ” differently, and that when you mix them up in words, you can end up meaning
something but saying something else.
Moreover, reading Quran with Tajweed is obligatory on every Muslim as it’s “Fard Ayn”. Every
Muslims should read Quran with tajweed in their daily prayers.
Reported God’s messenger as saying, “Beautify the Quran with your voices.”
“He does not belong to us who does not chant the Quran.”
Allah سبحانه وتعالى says in Surah Al-Muzzammil :4
“Or add to it, and recite the Quran with measured recitation.”
Who is the founder of the science of Tajweed?
The rule setter from the practical point of view is the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم because the
Qur’an was revealed to him with tajweed, and he was instructed on it from the Trustworthy, Jibreel,
عليه السلام, and the prophet taught it to his companions, who then taught it to their followers and so on
until it came to us.
The rule setters from the scientific point of view are the scholars of the Quran sciences, such as Abu
Ubaid al-Qasim bin Salam.
Some differences in the Arabic language
• Letters in Arabic, that are not common in other languages are:
ص ض ع غ خ ح ط ظ
• Letters that have similar sounds in other languages, but in fact have different articulation points
د ت ف ك ر ل
The ra’ “ر” and lam “ل” are two letters that non-Arabs have some difficulty pronouncing correctly.
The ra’ uses the tip of the tongue and the top of the tip and the gums of the two top incisors, but the
trick to the ra’ is actually to hit the gum. Many Muslims try to pronounce the ra’ but without
touching the tongue to the gum. Some mistakenly use the throat, as the French do in the French
“r”. The Arabic lam has the widest use of the tongue of any other letters but uses only the end of the
sides of the tongue until it ends at the tip, then it hits the gums of the front upper eight teeth.
• Another mistake incurred by Arabs and non-Arabs alike is in making proper stops and starts.
There is more than one aspect to this mistake.
The first aspect is that the proper way to stop on a word is when there is a Sukoon, or absence of a
vowel on the last letter of the word.
It is not allowed to stop when there is a Harakah, or vowel on the last letter of the word.
The second aspect: It is not allowed to stop at a place that contradicts the meaning intended by
The same mistake occurs when starting up after stopping and taking a breath. Muslims cannot just
start on the next word arbitrarily, instead, the meaning needs to be considered, and the start should
be on a word that in the correct and complete meaning, even if the reader needs to go back two or
Essential manners for reading the Quran
1-Purity of the body and clothes and place.
3-Facing the Qiblah.
4- Seeking refuge from rejected Satan and reading the Basmalah, “bi-smi llahi r-rahmani r-rahim”
(بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ)
5-stop reading when yawning.
6- Avoiding cutting off reciting to talk with people.
7- Stopping at a warning verse and seeking protection with Allah, and stopping at a verse of mercy
and asking The Merciful for His Bounty
8-Apply humbleness and Khushu when reading.