Teaching Islamic Sharia Law

Teaching Islamic Sharia Law

Islamic law is characterized by containing a wide range of legal provisions that regulate the lives of Muslims in various fields, ranging from worship and transactions to criminal and civil rulings. Teaching Islamic Sharia Law is essential for Muslims to properly apply the teachings of Islam,


and it is also an issue that requires a deep and comprehensive understanding of Sharia texts and their interpretations. In this article, we explain the concept of Sharia rulings and the methods used in teaching them, and the challenges facing science students and teachers.


What are the Sharia rulings?

Sharia rulings are the rules and guidelines set by Islamic law to regulate the lives of Muslims in various fields, whether religious or worldly. Sharia rulings cover a wide range of issues and topics, including:


  • Doctrinal rulings: These are the rules that relate to faith in God, His Messengers, and the Last Day.
  • Sharia rulings related to worship: It includes prayer, fasting, zakat, pilgrimage, and other acts of worship.
  • Sharia rulings related to morals and morals: including praiseworthy and reprehensible qualities and general Islamic morals.
  • Sharia rulings related to financial transactions: including zakat, charity, trade, contracts, and other financial matters.
  • Sharia rulings related to married life and family: including marriage, divorce, alimony, children’s rights, and others.
  • Sharia provisions related to crimes and penalties: It includes various crimes and penalties that should be applied to the offender.


What is the importance of Teaching Islamic Sharia Law?

Teaching Islamic Sharia Law to Muslims is essential, as it helps them understand and apply the teachings of Islam in their daily lives. The importance of teaching Sharia rulings is as follows:


1- Charity

Teaching Islamic Sharia Law helps Muslims to perform worship in a correct and appropriate manner, and thus makes them benefactors in their worship of God.


2- Ethics

It helps to understand and work with Islamic moral values, which contributes to building a compassionate and cohesive society.


3- Legal protection

by understanding Islamic laws related to crimes and penalties, which provides them with legal protection.


4- Justice and equality

by recognizing the importance of justice and equality in Islam, which qualifies them to apply it in all aspects of their lives.


5- Advancing knowledge

Learning the rules of Islam helps to gain more knowledge of the Islamic religion, and helps to understand the pillars on which Islam is based.


The most important basic Sharia rulings that every Muslim should learn

There are many basic Sharia rulings that every Muslim should learn, and this is a statement of them:


1- Monotheism

The concept of monotheism and its importance in Islam and adherence to it, and staying away from polytheism and everything related to it.


2- Prayer

How to perform prayer correctly, the different types of prayer, its times, conditions, and Sunnahs.


3- Fasting

How to perform fasting in the month of Ramadan and its terms and conditions, as well as optional fasting outside the month of Ramadan.


4- Zakat

The provisions of Zakat, the conditions for its obligation, its types, and how it is calculated and distributed.


5- Hajj

The provisions, conditions, and rituals of Hajj, and what the pilgrim should do and avoid during Hajj.


6- Ethics

Learn the praiseworthy qualities that a Muslim should possess and the reprehensible qualities that he should avoid, to improve human and social behavior.


7- Financial provisions

Provisions of financial transactions such as purchases, sales, lending, wills, gifts, and contracts, and how to deal with them legitimately.


8- Criminal provisions

penalties related to various crimes, preserving the rights of others, and sympathizing with them.


9- Family

The system of marriage, divorce, alimony, children’s rights, and other provisions related to marital life and the family.


10- Doctrinal rulings

rulings of belief and belief in God and His Messengers and the Last Day, and the basics of faith and Islam.


Methods Used in Teaching Islamic Sharia Law

There are many methods used in Teaching Islamic Sharia Law, the most important of which are:


1- Lessons and lectures

Lessons and lectures can be provided by scholars, sheiks, and teachers specialized in Teaching and Learning Islamic Law, in order to explain Sharia rulings and explain them in a detailed and simplified manner to students.


2- Training Courses

Intensive training courses, including practical exercises and practical applications of Sharia rulings, can also be organized to motivate students to apply what they have learned in everyday life.


3- Seminars and conferences

Seminars and conferences should be organized on a permanent basis to talk about modern Islamic topics and exchange views and discussions between scholars, specialists, and students.


4- Books and publications

This is done by using books and publications on Sharia rulings, which explain them in a detailed and simplified manner, to provide appropriate educational resources and references for students.


5- E-learning

E-learning can be used when Teaching Islamic Sharia Law remotely, such as video tutorials and live online lessons, to promote easy and flexible access to educational information.


6- Practical education

To provide practical educational opportunities for students, such as working in various fields of Sharia, which leads to the practical application of Sharia rulings and improves skills and experience.


Advantages and disadvantages of teaching Sharia rulings

Teaching Islamic Sharia Law has many advantages and benefits, but it also has some drawbacks and challenges. The following are some of these advantages and disadvantages when teaching the rulings of the Islamic religion:


First: Advantages of teaching Sharia rulings

  • Teaching Sharia rulings helps to apply Islamic law correctly and appropriately in everyday life.
  • The education of Sharia rulings contributes to promoting the principles of justice and equality in society.
  • Improving human behavior, consolidating values, and demonstrating good morals, thus preserving Islamic values.
  • Deriving the legal provision in order to comply with Sharia.
  • Providing legal protection for the preservation of property and the restoration of rights.
  • Awareness of the basic principles and principles on which the Islamic religion is based.


Second: Disadvantages of teaching Sharia rulings

1- Political use

Teaching Islamic Sharia Law can be used by political methods and falsification of facts to achieve political goals.


2- Ignoring scientific foundations

Some teachers and preachers can ignore scientific and historical foundations and rely on popular emotions and traditions in Teaching Islamic Sharia Law.


3- Oversimplification

Oversimplification in Teaching Islamic Sharia Law can lead to a wrong understanding of some rulings and the challenges students face in understanding and applying them in daily life.


4- Language Challenges

Non-Arabic speaking students or new Muslims may face challenges in understanding the Quranic Arabic language and related legal rulings.


5- Cultural difficulties

Students teaching Islamic religious rulings may face difficulties in understanding Islamic culture and traditions and customs related to religion.


Tools and techniques used in teaching Sharia rulings

There are many tools and techniques used in Teaching Islamic Sharia Law, the most important of which are:


1- Online Platforms

Platforms and academies that broadcast their lessons online can be used to receive Sharia knowledge and view Sharia rulings, such as educational videos or online lessons, which helps students to access the required resources faster and better.


2- Educational programs

Educational programs dedicated to Teaching Islamic Sharia Law are used to enhance awareness of Sharia sciences, and knowledge of jurisprudential and religious rulings in life matters, and these programs include practical and interactive applications to understand Sharia rulings in a consistent and appropriate manner for the Islamic faith.


3- Educational games

Education is now moving to the method of educational games, especially if the orientation is towards teaching children the Holy Quran and the provisions of religion, through interactive applications in which the student interacts smoothly and flexibly with his teacher, which achieves the maximum benefit for both parties.


4- Lessons and direct lectures

It is also possible to benefit from the direct lessons provided by a group of scholars and sheikhs with specialization in Islamic Sharia matters, to clarify the legal rulings and explain them in a detailed and simplified manner for those who wish.


5- Practical education

Practical learning opportunities can be provided to students, such as working in various fields of Sharia, to apply Sharia rulings in practice to enhance experiences and improve personal skills in providing Sharia rulings.


The most prominent tips and guidelines for teaching Sharia rulings

Teaching Islamic Sharia Law is one of the sensitive tasks that require more deliberation and experience, and to reach the degree of actual education, the following tips and guidelines must be taken into account:


1- Paying attention to the right sources

Be sure to use correct and reliable sources in Teaching Islamic Sharia Law, and avoid relying on unreliable sources that may contain incorrect information.


2- Attention to detail

Pay attention to the fine details in Teaching Islamic Sharia Law, and avoid excessive simplification that may lead to a wrong understanding of the rulings, and then the wrong application in practical life.


3- Focus on understanding

It is necessary to focus on understanding the legal rulings rather than just memorizing them, to apply them correctly in daily life.


4- Use modern methods

When teaching Sharia ruling, modern methods, such as e-learning, educational programs, and games, should be used to provide an enjoyable and useful learning experience for students.


5- Interaction with students

Involve them in the education process, and encourage them to ask questions and participate in various discussions.


6- Simplification of Sharia rulings

Explaining it in a simplified and easy-to-understand way for students, to facilitate the process of receiving information, and the ability to work according to it and include it in the foundations of real life.


7- Supervision and follow-up

The process of Teaching Islamic Sharia Law must be supervised and continuous follow-up to achieve success and continuous development in this field.


8- Respect and tolerance

When Teaching Islamic Sharia Law, you must be respectful and tolerant, and avoid religious controversies and disputes that may affect the teaching and learning process.


Challenges and difficulties in teaching Sharia rulings

Teaching Sharia rulings in the Qur’an and Sunnah faces several challenges and difficulties, most notably:


1- Relying on the wrong sources

teaching Sharia rulings, which can lead to a wrong understanding of rulings.


2- Dealing with complex questions

posted by students, which needs deep study and analysis to understand and answer them correctly.


3- The multiplicity of sects and trends

in Islam, leads to different opinions on some legal rulings.


4- Technology challenges

which need sufficient technical skills and financial resources to provide.


5- Financial difficulties

Students face a challenge in accessing appropriate educational resources, which can be a bit expensive.


6- Language difficulties

Foreign students face a challenge in understanding Sharia rulings due to the difficulty of the Arabic language, and this requires additional effort from teachers.


7- Social difficulties

such as legal rulings that may conflict with some social values and customs, which require awareness and education to bridge the gap.


There is a lot of research in recent times for the Academy of Teaching Sharia Rulings Online, and we are pleased to mention that Wahion Youha Academy for memorizing the Noble Qur’an and teaching religious sciences is one of the leading academics in this field, as it offers courses and training programs by a group of sheiks and teachers from the people of specialization, and also provides ease of learning, it is not required to adhere to a specific time or place, as the whole thing is done through computers or mobile phones at reasonable prices for all groups.


Sources and references

al islamWikipedia

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